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Consumption and food security in the Mediterranean

1 Administrateur scientifique CIHEAM-IAM Montpellier (France)
2 Prof. Associé, National Research Centre (NRC),  Food Technology & Nutrition Division, Cairo (Egypt)
3 ancienne Directrice de programme OMS, Vice-Présidente AFICS (Egypt)
4  CIHEAM-IAM Montpellier (France)
Original language
The latter part of the twentieth century witnessed unprecedented changes in the lifestyle of Mediterranean populations. These upheavals affected eating habits in particular, with both favourable and adverse effects on human health, which are now widely recognised. All too frequently, however, we only perceive some of the factors characterising these recent changes such as fast food, GMOs or mad cow disease, the core issues in the current debates of the socially aware. Yet it is only when the situation is viewed comprehensively and in its historical context that the magnitude of this evolution can be realised and the urgent need for action to correct the deviations in our eating habits can be appreciated. A historical analysis of food patterns of this nature, conducted from both the quantitative and the qualitative point of view, is necessary in order to control future developments with a view to ensuring better food security for the populations concerned. How do the various Mediterranean countries stand? Are their eating patterns still close to the “ideal” healthy and balanced diet conveyed by scientists and the media? What are the consequences of these developments for the food security of the populations and for their state of health? Is food insecurity the result of eating habits? We shall endeavour in this chapter to present arguments and elements for debate in reply to these questions.
Annual report 2005. Agri.Med  Agriculture, fishery, food and sustainable rural development in the Mediterranean region  , Part III

Publish date 28/03/2014 16:14
Last updated 09/11/2015 11:41